Ganapati Navaratri or Ganesh Utsav is one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in the Indian calendar.The festival has a lot of history and significance.He is known to the remover of obstacles and is propitiated before any activity is undertaken, students before writing examinations, builders before laying the foundation, any auspicious activity big or small will always be preceded by an invocation to Ganesha
It is held that the celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi was started in the tenure of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. During India’s freedom struggle Lokmanya Tilak changed Ganesh Chaturthi from a private celebration to a grand public festival where people from all castes of the society rich and poor, young and old all come together and pray for peace, prosperity and unity. It is a time of bonhomie and the air of festivity is accentuated with the music and dance that accompanies the ritual of the immersion of the idol.
A nine day festival almost every street has a pandal with an idol, where along with rites and rituals, cultural programmes are organised. The idol is made with different kinds of materials, ranging from clay to leaves, flowers, coconuts, bangles, pens, pencils, nuts, coins……… There is no limit to creativity.
India is a land of festivals. The cultural diversity of the country is unique. There is no month in the Indian calendar that does not list a festival.
We have different kinds of festivals. Festivals usher in a lot of fun, joy, bonding and provide an insight into the history and culture of the country. Check out the various festivals listed below and think of the festival you like the most.
Rakhi is one of the special festivals that celebrates the bond of love, affection , protection and promotes the spirit of caring and sharing that encompasses the entire universe. It has a lot of significance that goes beyond a ritual of tying a rakhi on the wrist and waiting for a gift.
Let us learn the inner significance of this festival and spread the spirit of universal fraternity and the importance of protecting and preserving Nature.
Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was born at Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu on 7th November 1888.
Raman’s father was ChandrasekaranRamanathan Iyer, a teacher of mathematics and physics. His mother was Parvathi Ammal, who was taught to read and write by her husband. Hailing from a family of modest means Raman was the second of eightchildren.They were Brahmins but his father paid little attention to religious matters: There was an academic atmosphere at home. .
When Raman was four years old his father got a job as a lecturer and the family moved to Waltair (now Visakhapatnam).Raman was greatly interested in science. On vacations he would demonstrate experiments to his younger brothers and sisters.
He was awarded a scholarship and studied at Presidency College for his master’s degree. In November 1906, aged 18, Raman had his first academic paper published in the Philosophical Magazine . When his second paper was published he received a letter from Lord Rayleigh, the eminent British physicist who was unaware that Raman was just a teenage student .The letter was sent to “Professor Raman.”
Although Raman was intent upon a scientific career, his family was in debt and his brother persuaded him to join the civil service. For 10 years Raman worked as a civil servant in the Indian Finance Department in Calcutta (now Kolkata ) In his free time he carried out research into the physics of stringed instruments and drums. He did this work at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS). He also gave public lectures in Calcutta popularizing science.
He then got into full time research .He did not take any government funds . With basic resources and great passion he and his students did great research. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics and many other awards ,including the Bharat Ratna. He was the first Indian to be awarded the Nobel Prize.
In 1933 Raman became the first Indian director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. In 1947 he became independent India’s first National Professor. In 1948 he founded the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, where he worked until the end of his life.
“It appears to me that this very beautiful discovery which resulted from Raman’s long and patient study of the phenomenon of light scattering is one of the best convincing proofs of the quantum theory.”
ROBERT W. WOOD: PHYSICIST – 1928